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People have lived in Scotland since pre-historic times, over 12,000 years ago.
Remains of bloodstone tools and nut processing sites have been found on the West coast and Isles.
The celtic knotwork and decoration which is still admired today began in this period and the celts loved to decorate metal work and wore colourful clothes and jewellery.
The Romans called the tribes of the north ' Caledoni' and named their land Caledonia.
These people had a stone age society but gradually the ancient peoples became farmers, deforesting land for crops and keeping domestic animals.
In this prehistoric period, people built some of the world's most amazing anicent monuments and tombs.
Many of the anicent monuments, fortifications and burial chambers from Scotland's long history can still be seen today.Maes Howe near Stromness on Orkney is a stone built chambered tomb designed so that the sun shines directly down the carefully aligned entrance passageway, flooding the main chamber with light on the winter solstice.Skara Brae, also on Orkney is an ancient stone built settlement with houses connected by covered passages.Dating back to 3200BC, the houses are remarkably civilised with stone beds and seats.Between Skara Brae and Maes Howe is the Ring of Brodgar, a stone circle dating back to 2000BC and similar to Stonehenge.